The Zlín Region came into existence on 1 January 2000 as one of the fourteen regions newly established within the public administration reform under the Constitutional Act No. 347/1997 Coll., On the Creation of Higher Territorial Self-Governing Units. The main bodies of the Zlín Region include the Region’s Assembly, Council, Governor and Regional Authority. The political representation of the region consists of the Board governed by the Governor and the Council. They set the policies the Region is to follow throughout the entire election period. The decisions taken by the Board and the Council are implemented by the Regional Authority.
Relationship between the Zlín Region and its 307 municipalities is that of equal partners; the Region is not superordinate to the municipalities. Like the Region, each of the municipalities is governed by its municipal assembly, whose decisions must not be interfered with by the regional authorities unless required by law. The autonomous status of the municipalities and regions includes especially the right to use and maintain their property (e.g. to repair local roads in the case of municipalities and to repair class II and III roads in the case of regions). However, this does not apply to the devolved competences, i.e. activities that have been devolved from the central (state) government to regions and municipalities under a special law (such as building permit proceedings, issuing of business licences etc.). In these cases, the municipalities must obey the directives issued by the superordinate bodies, i.e. the regional authorities and relevant ministries.
Municipalities with extended competence execute most of the state’s administration within the scope of the devolved competences. They are also called Level III Municipalities. In the Zlín Region, these are the following municipalities:
• Bystřice pod Hostýnem, Holešov, Kroměříž, Luhačovice, Otrokovice, Rožnov pod Radhoštěm, Uherské Hradiště, Uherský Brod, Valašské Klobouky, Valašské Meziříčí, Vizovice, Vsetín, and Zlín
Municipalities with extended competence of the local authority include those municipalities to which the state has also devolved part of its administrative activities, but to a smaller extent than in the case of the municipalities of Level III Municipalities. The municipalities with extended competence of the local authority(also referred to as Level II Municipalities) include all municipalities with extended competence as well as additional 12 minor towns in the Region.
Each of the 307 municipalities belongs to a district administrated by a municipality with extended competence of the local authority and at the same time to a district of a municipality with extended competence.
|Zlín Region’s Assembly|
|Council of the Zlín Region|
|Regional Authority of the Zlín Region|